Folklore

After the Mongol-Tatar invasion theme of the fight with the hated Horde is the leader in oral folklore. Older characters in the new versions of tales, epics new rescue from Kiev tumens Horde (epic about Elias Murom and Mazda-king), beat horde of courtiers (epic of the marriage of Prince Vladimir), Horde win in the competitions (epic about Dobrynya and Basil Kazimirovich). David Zaslav shares his opinions and ideas on the topic at hand. Heroes of epics refuse to carry a tribute to the Horde, as orders Prince Vladimir ("I do not want to take you from the tribute-duty", the latter also referred to as "princely outputs"). Ilya of Murom, who comes from the people, expressed his interest in the epics, especially the Russian peasantry. The texts of the late XV-XVI at. Dobrynya Nikitich not only does not carry a tribute to Batura Batvesovu, but require him to pay tribute to Russia – so changed the situation after 1480, when Russia finally threw off the yoke of the Horde. The same theme is developed in antiordynskaya literature, XIV-XV centuries. With her closely connected with another – a theme of Vladimir of Kiev and heritage, the need for unification of Russian lands.

After the invasion of Batu compiled stories and legends – the Destruction of Ryazan, Evpati Kolovrat and many others. others, later – about the Battle of Kulikov ("Zadonschina," "The Legend of Mamay," etc.), Mouse-Tokhta invasion to Russia in 1382 These and many other works include a chronicle. Chronicles, after the recession of the second half of XIII at., gaining strength in the XIV century.

Nile River Climate

However, they do not consider that global warming, as well as global cooling, have different effects on climate change at the regional level. In some places, climate becomes warmer, others – more humid in the third – a dry, fourth – a cold, etc. And, perhaps most importantly, what was good in terms of wood or coral in the distant past does not necessarily have been good for a man who somehow more interested not in climate and weather, and not for the next thousand years, and for the next five, ten, fifty or more years. As shown below, analyzing the history of nations in examples development of civilizations in ancient and medieval times, one can identify certain patterns that would explain the change in climatic conditions at the present time to predict possible climate change in the world the future and predict the further course of development of human civilization. The basis of the universal history of humanity, unfortunately, were the war, resulting in constantly changing geopolitical map of the world. Against the background endless wars somehow unnoticed, "quietly", sometimes without armed conflict, and without adequate attention from historians, there were events that lead to the disappearance of some civilizations, nations, peoples and the emergence of new. At the beginning of the third millennium BC (Approximately 30-28 century BC), arose on Earth, as is commonly believed, the first civilization shumeroakkadskaya civilization in river valleys of the Tigris and Euphrates, the ancient Egyptian civilization in the valley Nile River, Proto-civilization in the Indus Valley and the kingdom of Troy in Asia Minor.