While the countries of first world suffer the effects of the financial crisis brought about by the calls American mortgages sweepings, the international experts in charge to study the main challenges that are to confront the poor States of the planet send an alarm shout. They consider, indeed, that the perspective of development of our planet are darkened by an accumulation of global threats. Their little flattering conclusions are reflected in the last annual report of the training group Millenium Project, supported by the Organization of the United Nations. Between the challenges that he will have to confront the human being from now until year 2025 appears the instability and violence generated by the constant increase of the price of foods and power products, the shortage of the water, the inefficiency of the Governments, the climatic change, the blighting and the intensification of the migratory currents. Without forgetting, of course, the proliferation of the armed conflicts, is these interns, international or regional. In which it goes of year, 14 conflicts were registered, that had by scene countries of Asia, Africa, Latin America and the Middle East. According to the authors of the report, during the next decade the armed confrontations could affect 46 States, that add a population of 2,700 million people.
Also, the first indications of political instability in 56 countries are detected, whose number of settlers ascends to 1,200 million people. When happening magazine to the registered socio-economic imbalances in the last few decades, the members of Millenium Project insist on the fact that at the moment the world-wide consumption surpasses the production levels. The effect, the price of nourishing products has registered an increase of the 129% in comparison with year 2006. The increase of these products could become the detonating of a new world-wide crisis. The information of the Organization of the United Nations for the Feeding and Agriculture (the FAO) indicate that some thirty countries already suffer the shortage of nourishing products. One treats, in the majority of the cases, of developing nations. The absence of social policies in the matter of poor feeding could accelerate the confrontation between and rich.
In fact, to already maintain of in case fragile balance, the nourishing product provisions would be due to duplicate from now until the 2013, which also implies an increase of the water reserves and the cultivable surfaces, as well as the application of new techniques of irrigated land. To it another factor is added: the energy demand, that will be duplicated in next the two decades. As far as the climatic change one talks about, the experts affirm that the main victim of overheating will be the African continent, whose southern region will lose around the 30 percent of the cultivable surfaces from now until the 2030. Another worrisome aspect is the constant increase of the calls States bankrupts. According to the North American magazine Foreign Policy, the most vulnerable countries of the planet are Somalia, Sweat, Zimbabwe, Chad, Iraq, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Afghanistan, the Ivory Coast, Pakistan, Central African Republic, Guinea, Myanmar, Haiti, North Korea and Ethiopia. Finally, it agrees to indicate that the majority of the challenges is transnational. The solution of would have to be able to affect to the chain created by the accumulation of problems. Nevertheless, the experts of the United Nations consider that at the present time the mechanisms able to correct this state of things shine by their absence. Adrin Mac Liman international political Analyst Original author and source of the article.