I. – Origins. SIGLO XVI.
The current Archconfraternity of Nuestro Padre Jesus Nazareno de la Sangre Verde Holy Christ and Our Lady of Santa Vera Cruz, popularly known as ‘Brotherhood of the Students’ is the result of mergers over four years are over have been occurring. This Archconfraternity is constituted by the Cofradia de la Vera Cruz (1525-1530), the Brotherhood of Flagellant of the Precious Blood of Our Savior Jesus Christ (first half of the sixteenth century) and the Brotherhood of the Holy Rood (first third of the seventeenth century).
Under Royal Certificate given in Grenada September 18, 1500, the Catholic Monarchs granted licenses to the city of Antequera that yielded 700 yards of ground in which to carve a monastery under the patronage of San Zoilo, by the Friars Observance of San Francisco. They gave so fulfill the wishes of the Infante Don Juan, school furniture who in his will that I give in Salamanca in 1497, legacy command through the sum of 340,000 maravedi for that purpose. For their part, Reyes Catolicos 600,000 contributed to the work farthing.
The first convent of the Sisters who are building and founded in this city of Antequera was that of the Religious of the Seraphic Father San Francisco. The factory of the convent began in 1501, on the outskirts of the city day care chair in a place occupied by an ancient chapel dedicated equally to Martir San Zoilo, a lawyer for the ills of the student chairs kidney, concluding day care chairs the works around 1515. From this moment we must begin to frame the current foundation of the Brotherhood. However, they will spend several years in which there are mergers of various Guilds and Brotherhoods to arrive at what is now known as the Arch Confraternity of Nuestro Padre Jesus Nazareno de la Sangre Verde Holy Christ and Our Lady of Santa Vera Cruz.
Observant Franciscans enhance everything related to the devotion of the Passion of Christ and to the Holy Cross wherever they founded a Franciscan convent Cofradia instituting a chairs charge of worshiping the True Cross.
We know with certainty the exact date of foundation of the former Brotherhood of the Holy Cross in Antequera. The first documented reference we have listed in the bylaws, drafted in 1530 and confirmed by the Emperor Charles in 1531, through a Royal Provision granted in avila.
In chapter of these Ordinances referred to in the section on the Brotherhoods makes a relationship in order of age antiga existing ones. In his folio 3r and we will show: …. Find the right for a student should be very comfortable This information is very important when shuffling an approximate date of the founding of the Brotherhood, since we know that the Cofradia de San Miguel was founded in 1525, so close to this period should be created and of course our brotherhood before 1530, date on which the above are drawn Municipal.
The Canonigo Francisco Barrero Baquerizo, in his manuscript history of our city, refers to these Ordinances and the Folio 318r. he says about these ordinances and their approval by the Emperor ‘… quale confirm the Emperor Charles V and his mother the Queen D . Joana on ten years of July 1531 was the qual folding chair aprovasion time of Pope Paul the Third, who was our patriotic Don Luis de Torres secretary and the chief priest entered the Holy Seat in the year 1534, so it appears age seniority these thirteen Guilds and see no more of them in Antequera this oy still not more than that of Smo. which is to Sta Maria, San Miguel, La Vera Chrus, which is the Blood and the Animas …’. Is accredited by both the accuracy of the information on the origin folding chairs and age antiga penitential confraternities, a pioneer in Antequera.
Besides the worship of the True Cross, another aspect of the Passion of Christ that strengthens the Franciscan Order of the Enforcement Rule is the veneration for his Precious Blood, and by that name brotherhoods arise throughout Europe, reaching Spain in the Age XVI.
These brotherhoods were Flagellant. Flagellants arise by the terrible Black Death that devastated Europe in the thirteenth century, being regarded as sects. These, they believed that epidemics were the result of sin and the sacrament of Confession and school equipment Penance was not enough to redeem himself, considering that only physical pain dining chairs of punishment and penance through the Scourge, was the solution to end the atrocities they were living.