Tonsillitis – an infection with local phenomena in the form of an acute inflammation of one or more components limfadenoidnogo pharyngeal ring, most of the tonsils. Tonsillitis is an acute or chronic. Acute tonsillitis is known as angina (from the Latin ango – squeeze, strangle). Although the term "angina" is not accurate (acute inflammation of the tonsils rarely accompanied by suffocation), it is widely distributed among health professionals and the public. The causative agent of a sore throat may be bacteria, viruses, fungi. For even more analysis, hear from Robert Iger . Among the bacterial agents most frequently is a beta – hemolytic streptococcus, at least – Staphylococcus aureus, or both, infectious agents can be as pneumococcus, mycoplasma, chlamydia. The reason for viral sore throats may be adenovirus, herpes virus.
Infection is the air – drop by. The source of infection – the patient, subjects life. Enhanced selection of an infectious agent occurs during coughing, sneezing. Infection is possible, and from healthy carriers – in transport, classrooms, auditoriums. The highest incidence is noted in the winter – spring period. The incubation period ranges from several hours to 2 – 4 days. The disease begins with a sharp rise in temperature to 37, 5 – 39 degrees, accompanied by fever, malaise, sore throat, joint pain, headache pain. On examination, there is an increase in the lymph nodes of the mandibular angle, and inflammatory changes in the tonsils from swelling and redness (with catarrhal angina), before flying loose in the form of film (with lacunar angina), as well as education fester follicle (with tonsillitis).
With adequate treatment and no complications of the major clinical manifestations of disease are rapidly disappearing, normalize blood tests, only swollen lymph nodes may persist for another 10 – 12 days. Under the influence of various factors (weakened immune system, strong exciter, inadequate treatment, lack of treatment), acute tonsillitis may go into chronic. Chronic tonsillitis is characterized by periodic exacerbations, which are triggered by hypothermia, emotional stress and other factors. Chronic tonsillitis is a source of infection in body. This focus undermines the strength of the body and can help to spread the infection to other organs (most often affects the heart and kidneys, because strep has an affinity to the tissues of kidney and heart). Treatment tonsillitis. consultation is required in the treatment of ENT conservative method: – washing tonsillectomy (removal of purulent plugs) and lubrication Lugol's iodine solution – antibiotics – Physiotherapy (FAL, UHF) – phonophoresis (combining low-frequency ultrasound treatment and the drug). Operating method (if conservative treatment of tonsillitis does not work): 1. Tonzillotomiya (regular removal of tonsils or pruning of children) 2. Operation using kriometoda (destruction of damaged tissues cold). To date, one of the most effective treatment is the treatment of tonsillitis on the unit Tonzillor!