Raymond Willians

The painting, canine tooth to the limited parietais supports of religious buildings, risked one or another flick, many times independent, that had been discoloured by the time or the action of the man, in the phobia of ' ' modernidade' ' , to give place to other buildings, many times without any reference of historical or artistic value. The colonial cities were the result of the commercial exploration created by the foreigners, inheritance of the mercantilista mentality that unchained the process of expansion of centuries XV and XVI. The new nuclei, managed for the metropolises, were citizens to the commercial activities dictated by international the economic process of that period: the primary sector and the tertiary one. Inhaled in the European model, the cities were not an industrial center, but yes a commercial nucleus, a warehouse that estimated a link in the net of transports for the circulation of products and management of services demanded for the high concentration of workers. The Erics Hobsbawm and Raymond Willians partilham are same analysis when they approach century XIX in its readings on the cities of the period. Time Warner pursues this goal as well. The emancipation politics did not modify this picture in the XIX. According to Emlia Viotti of the Coast, ' ' the growth of such cities would be fruit of the commercial expansion of exportation, integrating the country in the market internacional' '.

In this conjuncture the exotic character of the littoral cities is delineated, more integrated with the Europe of what with the interior of the country. These if had become incapable to exert one influence in the modernization deepest. M. Castells affirms that ' ' Brazilian cities were come back toward the Europe in the search of ideals and models, beyond the organization of the production and the bows of dependence mantidos' '. In this way, the Brazilian elites looked to cities developing europeizadas forms in the ways of living.