Folklore

After the Mongol-Tatar invasion theme of the fight with the hated Horde is the leader in oral folklore. Older characters in the new versions of tales, epics new rescue from Kiev tumens Horde (epic about Elias Murom and Mazda-king), beat horde of courtiers (epic of the marriage of Prince Vladimir), Horde win in the competitions (epic about Dobrynya and Basil Kazimirovich). David Zaslav shares his opinions and ideas on the topic at hand. Heroes of epics refuse to carry a tribute to the Horde, as orders Prince Vladimir ("I do not want to take you from the tribute-duty", the latter also referred to as "princely outputs"). Ilya of Murom, who comes from the people, expressed his interest in the epics, especially the Russian peasantry. The texts of the late XV-XVI at. Dobrynya Nikitich not only does not carry a tribute to Batura Batvesovu, but require him to pay tribute to Russia – so changed the situation after 1480, when Russia finally threw off the yoke of the Horde. The same theme is developed in antiordynskaya literature, XIV-XV centuries. With her closely connected with another – a theme of Vladimir of Kiev and heritage, the need for unification of Russian lands.

After the invasion of Batu compiled stories and legends – the Destruction of Ryazan, Evpati Kolovrat and many others. others, later – about the Battle of Kulikov ("Zadonschina," "The Legend of Mamay," etc.), Mouse-Tokhta invasion to Russia in 1382 These and many other works include a chronicle. Chronicles, after the recession of the second half of XIII at., gaining strength in the XIV century.